Odontotherapy is the branch of dentistry that deals with treating cavities or other types of lesions (fractures, lesions dystrophies or wear) of the teeth. It aims to restore morphologically, functionally and aesthetically the original shape of the tooth.
The most common dental treatments are the aesthetic restorations or fillings. This involves filling the cavity formed after cleaning the damaged dental tissue with a resin material. If the decay was deep (close to the nerve), the resulting cavity after cleaning is coated with a material based on Ca(OH) and a filling material with basic role to protect the pulp from potential future aggression.
The composite material used for dental fillings is constituted by a mixture of acrylic resin and particles of glass or quartz.
The advantages of composite fillings are that their hue can be the same as the one of the tooth, restoring an excellent aesthetics to the tooth. Another advantage relates to the fact that the technique requires dental bonding procedure. Thus the material sticks to the tooth and gives greater resistance in time.
The disadvantages related to such fillings are that they are less resistant to masticatory forces against amalgam, and in time, with eating a constant amount of coloured liquid they can become stained. In rare cases, allergic reaction can occur such as inflammation or redness of gums.