Periodontics is the dental specialty that includes prevention, diagnosis and treatment of the supportive tissue of the tooth: the periodontium.
Periodontal disease is the starting point of periodontal bacterial infection. It includes: gingivitis, chronic or aggressive periodontitis, necrotic periodontal disease, periodontal abscess, periodontitis associated with endodontic lesions.
Periodontal treatment procedures include:
- treatment of acute periodontal infection
- root planning
- drug application, debridement, lavage
- surgical periodontal treatment
- maintenance interventions after periodontal therapy